In Key Stage 1 children are given the opportunity to “use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes”. (National Curriculum in England, Music programmes of study) During the Autumn term all KS1 children are involved in a performance; previous productions have included The Three Billy Goats Gruff and Frozen. Children learn the songs, sometimes with actions or dance. They then perform to an audience of children, teachers and parents. As part of the performance children may “play tuned and untuned instruments musically” (National Curriculum in England, Music programmes of study) to accompany the songs; they also explore instruments in their Music lessons. The Music lessons tie in with their topic work, for example during the topic of Dinosaurs the children were able to “experiment with, create, select and combine sounds...” (National Curriculum in England, Music programmes of study). They listened to The Carnival of the Animals identifying how the composer had used different instruments, tempos and rhythms to create the effect of how the animals moved. The children were then able to select and experiment with instruments, composing a section of Music to illustrate how the Dinosaurs moved.