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Year Two Mathematics

Numbers & the number system


Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward.


  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones).
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line.
  • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs.
  • Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words.
  • Use place value and number facts to solve problems.


Calculation - addition & subtraction


  • Solve problems with addition & subtraction:
  • using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
  • applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods.


  • Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.


  • Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
    •  a two-digit number and ones,
    • a two-digit number and tens,
    • two two-digit numbers,
    • adding three one-digit
    • numbers,


  • Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order and subtraction of one number from another cannot.


  • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition & subtraction and use this to check calculations and missing number problems


Calculation - multiplication & division


  • Recall & use multiplication & division facts for 2, 5 & 10 tables, including recognising odd and even numbers


  • Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables; write them using multiplication (x), division (÷) & equals (=) signs.


  • Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot.


  • Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.


Calculation - Fractions, Decimals & Percentages


  • Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/& 3/of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • Write simple fractions e.g. 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/and 1/2




· Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure:

  • length/height in any 
  • direction (m/cm);
  • mass (kg/g);
  • temperature (°C);
  • capacity (litres/ml) to the
  •   nearest appropriate unit…
    •   using rulers, scales,
    •   thermometers and
    •   measuring vessels


· Compare and order lengths, mass, volume / capacity and record the results using >, < and =


· Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.


· Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money


· Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.


· Compare and sequence intervals of time.


· Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.


· Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.


Shape & Space


· Identify & describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides & line symmetry in a vertical line


· Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces


· Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [e.g. a circle on a cylinder & a triangle on a pyramid.]


· Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.


· Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.


· Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line, distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)




· Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables


· Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity


· Ask and answer questions about totaling and comparing categorical data.