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Arboretum Primary School

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Arboretum Yearly Overview (2014 Curriculum)


Geography at Arboretum fosters children’s curiosity and fascination of the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Children take part in learning about the diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments across the world. As children progress through the school, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Through Geography, children learn to care about the world around them as they study the impact of humans on the physical world and the interaction that the two have.



  1. The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:
    • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
    • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
    • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:

- collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes

- interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

- communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.


Geography objectives and outcomes, like all subjects, form part of meaningful and relevant learning journeys. Teaching the statutory knowledge, skills and understanding of Geography results in Arboretum children being equipped with:



of locations

of the world’s countries

of oceans

of continents

of capital cities

of places across the world

of human and physical geography

of topographical features

of identifying latitude, longitude, Equator and the Northern hemisphere

of identifying the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones

of understanding geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography


using maps (including digital maps) atlases and globes

using compasses

using aerial photographs

application of number, i.e. engaging in fieldwork

information Technology i.e. digital mapping


Critical thinking, including:

  • enquiry
  • collecting
  • analysis
  • communication
  • interpretation
  • compare and contrast