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Arboretum Primary School

Reach for the Stars

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Printable version:

Arboretum Yearly Overview (2014 Curriculum)



History at Arboretum offers learners a wealth of opportunities to progress in their world understanding and not least from a historical stance. History inspires curiosity which allows children to gain perspective from the judgements that they make – judgements made from primary and secondary historical evidence and sources. Through the study of History across the world and different time periods, children gain a sense of personal and national identity and can see the issues that are still troubling the world today whilst avoiding an anachronistic stance on these issues.

History objectives and outcomes, like all subjects, form part of meaningful and relevant learning journeys.




  • To know and understand the history of these islands, to understand how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
  • To know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind.
  • To gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • To understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses.
  • To understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.
  • To gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.


of chronology

of significant individuals

of locational history

of changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

of the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

of Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

of the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for England

of an aspect or theme of British History beyond 1066

of the achievements of the earliest civilizations

of Ancient Greece

of a non-European society that contrasts with British History




Cause and effect

Change and continuity

Written communication


Critical thinking, including:

  • enquiry
  • judgement
  • evaluation
  • analysis
  • interpretation
  • making connections and contrasts